Universality of the accident and investigation.

Traffic accidents are events that have occupied the attention of the physical, engineering, automotive manufacturers, those who design and develop roads, economics, law (lawyers), of politics, of the insurers, governments of different states around the world and many world organizations such as OMS, ONU, World Bank, etc. We can say that since they appeared automotive and began presenting traffic accidents, they influenced the governments of all states of the world.

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From the physical point of view, traffic accidents are a universal event. That is, traffic accidents comply with the same laws of physics in any country in the world, presenting specific differences in time, place and mode.

While the appearance of the automobile has generated many positive changes in humanity, it is also clear that also interferes in areas such as human freedom and their right to grow both as a spiritual, as material, in conditions of equality, fairness without exclusions.

In the accident, the people is one of the most vulnerable parts. So universally the law requires that people (drivers and / or pedestrians) take the risk and danger of moving down the tracks; assume the possibility of damages that may arise due to the motor driving where accidents can occur. This can be seen from the process of design and construction of motor roads and where large sums of money are spent in search of safer motor vehicles and accidents can be avoided or at least diminish and / or minimize negative consequences of such events.

It is clear that a vehicle has more kinetic energy to the extent that its mass and speed is increased. Specifically speed increases this energy quadratic way. Similarly, vehicles are designed to avoid looking strong (or fatal) injuries at certain speeds, which then imposes a speed limit beyond which generates larger driving death of its occupants risks. While designing vehicles that could resist impacts at higher speeds, this means higher costs. That is, in some way the speed limits are dictated by economic factors. This then implies that it is not always possible to indicate the cause of the accident is only the vehicle speed and only this factor an imputation of guilt occurs as a reckless, negligent or malpractice.

Similarly, you have to pedestrians and other users of public spaces along which cars, assume the risks pass through these places. That is why the education of these people is an important factor reducing accidents, although experience has shown that does not allow in any way to eliminate the risk of accidents. It is also clear that, although such a pedestrian commit a rash act that creates a risk to their welfare to move improperly by the way they travel motor, no obligation for drivers of motor driving defensively is removed and Avoid (where possible) to injury or death of that person who recklessly passes occur.

As you can see, determining responsibility in a traffic accident is a task that requires a lot of knowledge of the factors that are involved in these events, as already indicated, ranging from engineering vehicles, road engineering until the same education of the population in general. A lawyer or investigator engaged in investigating traffic accidents and the arrangements that these events involve (such as insurance claims) must necessarily have specific training and, if possible, lot specific expertise in the analysis of accidents transit.

Photo Credit: Leonardo Bernal T.